Kalim Aajiz (1920 – 14 February 2015) was an Indian writer of Urdu literature and a famous poet. An academic educator and chairman of the Urdu Advisory Committee of the Government of Bihar. He was a recipient of the fourth highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Shri from the Government of India in 1989. Kalim Aajiz was born in Telhara, Nalanda district, a small village which had been home to an ancient Buddhist monastery in Nalanda district of the Indian state of Bihar. He secured his graduate and master's degrees in Urdu from Patna University after which he obtained his doctoral degree in 1965. His doctoral thesis, Evolution of Urdu Literature in Bihar, has since been published as a book.