He received the Ananda Puraskar award in 1958, the Rabindra Puraskar in 1972 and the Sharatchandra Puraskar in 1978. He was also awarded the Jagattarini Puraskar from Calcutta University, a D.Litt. degree from the University of Burdwan and Desikottama from the Visva-Bharati University of Shantiniketan.
Mukhopadhyay died on 29 July 1987 in Darbhanga at the age of 93, He never married.
Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay's first book, Ranur Prothom Vagh was published in 1934.
Nilanguriyo, later adapted for film
Kanchan Mulya, later adapted for film
Rup Holo Abhisap
The Ranu short stories
Ranur Prothom Vagh
Ranur Ditio Vagh
Ranur Tritio Vagh
Other short stories
Kokil Deke Chhilo
Kushi Panganer Chithi
Duar Hote Adure
Barjatri, later adapted for film and television
Hese Jao (poetry)