Sarah Fielding's The Governess's image
Share0 Bookmarks 44 Reads2 Likes

Sarah Fielding's The Governess or, Little Female Academy was first published in 1749, and the text is notable for several reasons. It is considered the first full-length novel in English, aimed at children, and especially female children, at a time when books for girls were rare. It features a cast of female characters and in a sense a depiction of a financially independent woman setting up a school for girls.

Mrs. Teacham is a "Gentlewoman" whose main objective was to establish an academy for girls, educating children. Teacham and her scholars at the academy, the girls spend time chatting, talking to each other, and telling each other stories after their lessons. Teacham is portrayed as a figure of authority for the students and encourages good behavior : she was a lively and obedient person and the girls were greatly afraid of their displeasure by disobeying her commands, and were equally pleased with his approval. Teachum clearly appears to represent a model of the eighteenth century feminine ideal.

If we look at the incident of apple dispute, where all the scholars fight for the biggest apple, Teacham gives the most severe punishment which is to take away the apple. Whereas it was necessary for all the scholars to give proof of their superior merit that they should embrace each other, and promise to be friends. Despite the lesson's insistence that "she did what she was so qualified for. Mrs. Teacham was not actually primarily involved in the lesson as a teacher. Instead, much of the moral instruction was Teacham's greatest scholar, Jenny Peace." In fact, at the beginning of the book the incident with the apple was led by Jenny herself while Mrs. Teacham was not involved. After the first fairy tale recitation of the text, Miss Polly Suckling asked Jenny to read a second The proposal was politely questioned, saying that altho she was not prepared to deny anything," said Miss Jenny... She thought it would be better if they were to read some true history, from which they learned something. can. Jenny's response, supported by Mrs. Teacham, is to imply that Polly, in an effort to better herself, is "thinking herself above innocent entertainment" and deserves to be ridiculed for her impact. This exchange shows that although the aim of the Academy is to educate, where the lead character "leads the child to the correct answer, with the appearance that they have worked it out for themselves". In fact compliance is the only essential quality a girl should have. Polly is mocked and forced to submit, controlling her interactions without really changing her opinion. In addition to dialogues between scholars, the governess also contains monologues, where each scholar provides a short biography of his life at the bottom of the academy, which has always been a moral offense. Personal stories of scholars contribute to governance. 

Reign's Two Fairy Tales : 

Another important feature of Reigns as dialogue text is its predictable use of fairy tales for child audiences. Until the reign, literary fairy tales had a predominantly adult audience, adapted from oral folk tales in Italy and France in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Associated with his work on education, François Fenelon was an early author of stories for children in the late seventeenth century, and Fielding would be familiar with the work of Madame d'Allnoy, the leading author of France's fairy tales of the turn of the eighteenth century, whose works translation from 1707 was done in England. The Babysitter contains several stories, two of which can be classified as fairy tales and which I will focus on : 'The Story of the Cruel Giant Barberico, the Good Giant Benefico, and the Pretty Little Dwarf Mignon' , and the story 'The Princess Hebe: A Fairy'. The integration of stories into governance provides perhaps the strongest example of the interactive nature of the text. In the stories described above, the reader is confronted with steadfast behavior as opposed to being approved by Mrs. Teacham's academy. The giant Barbariko is a ruthless cannibal, unable to control his violent and sadistic impulses : he is a giant despicable who did not soon have an outcry, but was in agony until he became a and cannot commit crimes. Princess Hebe constantly disobeys her mother by engaging with the evil fairy Rosella. Meanwhile, in the framing narrative, Mrs Teacham, through discussion with Miss Jenny, warns the reader that "a supernatural aid, in a story, is introduced only to entertain and distract" and that a very good moral is indeed Can be prepared in whole as long as great care is taken to prevent it from being carried away by these highly flowing things. Nevertheless, It cannot escape the reader that these stories refer to Stephens as "the subject's position in opposition to the official framework of society's authority" : Barbarico's brutality, rather than the alleged focal characters, makes up the bulk of the first story, quite a bit. The dreary lovers Phidas and Amata, who are really barely visible. Similarly, Princess Hebe's engagement, if wicked, Rosella, rather than her mother's precepts, is the focus of another fairy tale, at the end of which Hebe assumes her throne despite her mother's disobedience at every turn. Teacham urges that the point of ethics can be read as a set-up designed to remove criticism from any objectionable material. Thus preserved, the carnivalsic and subversive elements of stories, which 'entertain and distract' rather than part direct, are accepted into mainstream discourse. Significantly, this is the only instance where Teacham speaks directly rather than in a reported speech. 

The passage deserves to be quoted in full :

"I have tried, my little darling, to show you as clearly, as I can. Not only what moral is to be taken from this play, but what is to be fought in all others; and where he did not find the moral Go To be found, the author must answer that he is guilty of one of the worst evils; Namely, that she had dressed Vice so beautifully, that instead of stopping him, she would draw the young and tender mind into her net... I do not doubt it, but all of you would be disgusted by such immoral plays. "

No posts

Comments

No posts

No posts

No posts

No posts