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Kavishala Top 10 - Most Read Sootradhar 2021

Kavishala 2021Kavishala 2021 December 22, 2021
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पढ़ना और लिखना हमारे लिए सबसे लाभप्रद औषधि हमेशा से रही है, अलग अलग भाषाओ से २०२१ में हमने कविशाला सूत्रधार के सबसे ज्यादा पढ़े गए १० सूत्रधारों को आपके लिए निकाला है जिनको कविशाला में करीब २० लाख से ज्यादा पाठको ने २०२१ साल में पढ़ा है, ये हैं वो दस सूत्रधार:


Amrita Pritam's image
Amrita Pritam
अमृता प्रीतम | Amrita Pritam; About this soundlisten (help·info); 31 August 1919 – 31 October 2005) was an Indian novelist, essayist and poet, who wrote in Punjabi and Hindi. She is considered the first prominent female Punjabi poet, novelist, essayist and the leading 20th-century poet of the Punjabi language, who is equally loved on both sides of the India–Pakistan border. With a career spanning over six decades, she produced over 100 books of poetry, fiction, biographies, essays, a collection of Punjabi folk songs and an autobiography that were all translated into several Indian and foreign languages. She is best remembered for her poignant poem, Ajj aakhaan Waris Shah nu (Today I invoke Waris Shah – "Ode to Waris Shah"), an elegy to the 18th-century Punjabi poet, an expression of her anguish over massacres during the partition of India. As a novelist, her most noted work was Pinjar ("The Skeleton", 1950), in which she created her memorable character, Puro, an epitome of violence against women, loss of humanity and ultimate surrender to existential fate; the novel was made into an award-winning film, Pinjar (2003). When India was partitioned into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947, she migrated from Lahore, to India, though she remained equally popular in Pakistan throughout her life, as compared to her contemporaries like Mohan Singh and Shiv Kumar Batalvi. Known as the most important voice for the women in Punjabi literature, in 1956, she became the first woman to win the Sahitya Akademi Award for her magnum opus, a long poem, Sunehade (Messages), later she received the Bharatiya Jnanpith, one of India's highest literary awards, in 1982 for Kagaz Te Canvas ("The Paper and the Canvas"). The Padma Shri came her way in 1969 and finally, Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award, in 2004, and in the same year she was honoured with India's highest literary award, given by the Sahitya Akademi (India's Academy of Letters), the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship given to the "immortals of literature" for lifetime achievement. she wrote her poems mostly for the partition Bibliography In her career spanning over six decades, she penned 28 novels, 18 anthologies of prose, five short stories and 16 miscellaneous prose volumes. Novel Pinjar Doctor Dev Kore Kagaz, Unchas Din Dharti, Sagar aur Seepian Rang ka Patta Dilli ki Galiyan Terahwan Suraj Yaatri Jilavatan (1968) Hardatt Ka Zindaginama Autobiography Black Rose (1968) Rasidi Ticket (1976) Shadows of Words (2004) Short stories Kahaniyan jo Kahaniyan Nahi Kahaniyon ke Angan mein Stench of Kerosene Poetry anthologies Amrit Lehran (Immortal Waves)(1936) Jiunda Jiwan (The Exuberant Life) (1939) Trel Dhote Phul (1942) O Gitan Valia (1942) Badlam De Laali (1943) Sanjh de laali (1943) Lok Peera (The People's Anguish) (1944) Pathar Geetey (The Pebbles) (1946) Punjab Di Aawaaz (1952) Sunehade (Messages) (1955) – Sahitya Akademi Award Ashoka Cheti (1957) Kasturi (1957) Nagmani (1964) Ik Si Anita (1964) Chak Nambar Chatti (1964) Uninja Din (49 Days) (1979) Kagaz Te Kanvas (1981)- Bhartiya Jnanpith Chuni Huyee Kavitayen Ek Baat Literary journal Nagmani, poetry monthly
Premchand's image
Premchand
धनपत राय श्रीवास्तव (31 जुलाई 1880 – 8 अक्टूबर 1936) जो प्रेमचंद नाम से जाने जाते हैं, वो हिन्दी और उर्दू के सर्वाधिक लोकप्रिय उपन्यासकार, कहानीकार एवं विचारक थे। उन्होंने सेवासदन, प्रेमाश्रम, रंगभूमि, निर्मला, गबन, कर्मभूमि, गोदान आदि लगभग डेढ़ दर्जन उपन्यास तथा कफन, पूस की रात, पंच परमेश्वर, बड़े घर की बेटी, बूढ़ी काकी, दो बैलों की कथा आदि तीन सौ से अधिक कहानियाँ लिखीं। उनमें से अधिकांश हिन्दी तथा उर्दू दोनों भाषाओं में प्रकाशित हुईं। उन्होंने अपने दौर की सभी प्रमुख उर्दू और हिन्दी पत्रिकाओं जमाना, सरस्वती, माधुरी, मर्यादा, चाँद, सुधा आदि में लिखा। उन्होंने हिन्दी समाचार पत्र जागरण तथा साहित्यिक पत्रिका हंस का संपादन और प्रकाशन भी किया। इसके लिए उन्होंने सरस्वती प्रेस खरीदा जो बाद में घाटे में रहा और बन्द करना पड़ा। प्रेमचंद फिल्मों की पटकथा लिखने मुंबई आए और लगभग तीन वर्ष तक रहे। जीवन के अंतिम दिनों तक वे साहित्य सृजन में लगे रहे। महाजनी सभ्यता उनका अंतिम निबन्ध, साहित्य का उद्देश्य अन्तिम व्याख्यान, कफन अन्तिम कहानी, गोदान अन्तिम पूर्ण उपन्यास तथा मंगलसूत्र अन्तिम अपूर्ण उपन्यास माना जाता है! 1906 से 1936 के बीच लिखा गया प्रेमचंद का साहित्य इन तीस वर्षों का सामाजिक सांस्कृतिक दस्तावेज है। इसमें उस दौर के समाजसुधार आन्दोलनों, स्वाधीनता संग्राम तथा प्रगतिवादी आन्दोलनों के सामाजिक प्रभावों का स्पष्ट चित्रण है। उनमें दहेज, अनमेल विवाह, पराधीनता, लगान, छूआछूत, जाति भेद, विधवा विवाह, आधुनिकता, स्त्री-पुरुष समानता, आदि उस दौर की सभी प्रमुख समस्याओं का चित्रण मिलता है। आदर्शोन्मुख यथार्थवाद उनके साहित्य की मुख्य विशेषता है। हिन्दी कहानी तथा उपन्यास के क्षेत्र में 1918 से 1936 तक के कालखण्ड को 'प्रेमचंद युग' या 'प्रेमचन्द युग' कहा जाता है। Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava, better known by his pen name Munshi Premchand, was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindustani literature. He is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent, and is regarded as one of the foremost Hindi writers of the early twentieth century. Dhanpat Rai Srivastava (31 July 1880 — 8 October 1936), better known by his pen name Munshi Premchand, was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindustani literature. He is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent, and is regarded as one of the foremost Hindi writers of the early twentieth century. His novels include Godaan, Karmabhoomi, Gaban, Mansarovar, Idgah. He published his first collection of five short stories in 1907 in a book called Soz-e Watan. He began writing under the pen name "Nawab Rai", but subsequently switched to "Premchand", Munshi being an honorary prefix. A novel writer, story writer and dramatist, he has been referred to as the "Upanyas Samrat" ("Emperor among Novelists") by writers. His works include more than a dozen novels, around 300 short stories, several essays and translations of a number of foreign literary works into Hindi.
Bhagat Singh's image
Bhagat Singh
भगत सिंह (28 सितम्बर या 19 अक्टूबर 1907-23 मार्च 1931) भारत के प्रमुख स्वतंत्रता सेनानी क्रांतिकारी थे। उनका जन्म पिता सरदार किशन सिंह और माता विद्यावती कौर के घर एक जाट सिक्ख परिवार में गाँव बंगा, तहसील जड़ाँवाला, जिला लायलपुर, पंजाब (अब पाकिस्तान में) हुआ । अमृतसर जलियाँवाला बाग हत्याकाण्ड का उन पर गहरा प्रभाव पड़ा। उन्होंने देश की आज़ादी के लिए ब्रिटिश सरकार का मुक़ाबला किया। लाहौर में साण्डर्स की हत्या और उसके बाद दिल्ली की सेण्ट्रल असेम्बली में बम-विस्फोट करके ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य के विरुद्ध खुला विद्रोह किया। जिसके फलस्वरूप उन्हें २३ मार्च १९३१ को उनके दो अन्य साथियों, राजगुरु तथा सुखदेव के साथ फाँसी दी गयी।
Sahir Ludhianvi's image
Sahir Ludhianvi
Abdul Hayee (8 March 1921 – 25 October 1980), popularly known by his takhallus (pen name) Sahir Ludhianvi, was an Indian poet and film songs lyricist who wrote in the Hindi and Urdu languages. His work influenced Indian cinema, in particular Bollywood film. Sahir won a Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for Taj Mahal (1963). He won a second Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for his work on Kabhie Kabhie (1976). He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1971. On 8 March 2013, the ninety-second anniversary of Sahir's birth, a commemorative stamp was issued in his honour. Sahir wrote, "मैं पल दो पल का शायर हूँ, पल दो पल मेरी कहानी है पल दो पल मेरी हस्ती है, पल दो पल मेरी जवानी है मुझसे पहले कितने शायर, आए और आकर चले गए, कुछ आहें भरकर लौट गए, कुछ नग़मे गाकर चले गए वो भी एक पल का किस्सा थे, मै भी एक पल का किस्सा हूँ कल तुमसे जुदा हो जाऊँगा, जो आज तुम्हारा हिस्सा हूँ" Sahir was different from his contemporaries in that he did not praise Khuda (God), Husn (beauty) or Jaam (wine). Instead, he wrote bitter yet sensitive lyrics about the declining values of society; the senselessness of war and politics; and the domination of consumerism over love. His love songs, tinged with sorrow, expressed his realisation that there were other, starker concepts more important than love. Sahir might be called the "bard for the underdog". Close to his heart were the farmer crushed by debt, the soldier gone to fight someone else's war, the woman forced to sell her body, the youth frustrated by unemployment and the family living on the street for instance. Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India said he was moved by Sahir's lyrics in Pyaasa.[citation needed] Vijay, as he is passing through a red light area sings, "ये कूचे, ये नीलामघर दिलकशी के, ये लुटते हुए कारवां ज़िंदगी के, कहाँ है कहाँ है मुहाफ़िज़ खुदी के? जिन्हें नाज़ है हिंद पर,वो कहाँ हैं?" Sahir's poetry was influenced by noted Pakistani poet, Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Like Faiz, Sahir gave Urdu poetry an intellectual element that caught the imagination of the youth of the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s and reflected the feelings of the people of that period. He roused people from an independence-induced smugness. He would pick on the self-appointed custodian of religion, the self-serving politician, the exploitative capitalist, and the war-mongering super-powers. Sahir wrote with verve about the arrest of progressive writers in Pakistan; the launch of the satellite Sputnik and the discovery of Ghalib by a government lusting after minority votes. He wrote Kahat-e-Bangal (The Famine of Bengal) at 25 years of age. Subah-e-Navroz (Dawn of a New Day), mocks the way people celebrate while the poor exist in squalor. Of the Taj mahal, he wrote, "मेरे महबूब कहीं और मिला कर मुझसे, बज़्म- ए-शाही में ग़रीबों का गुज़र क्या माने. सबत जिन राहों पर है सतबते शाही के निशां उसपे उल्फत भरी रूहों का गुज़र क्या माने?"- Sahir Ludhianvi asks his lover to meet him anywhere else but at the Taj Mahal: although the tomb has been a symbol of luxurious monarchy for years, there is no need for beautiful (but not famous) hearts to travel to meet there. Sahir Ludhianvi recited this poetry couplet at his college event, when he was barely 19 years old, and created an uproar in the literary circles: Ek Shahensha Ne Daulat Ka Sahara Lekar, Hum Gharibon Ki Mohabbat Ka Udaya Hai Mazaq Of his legacy, Sahir writes, "कल और आयेंगे नगमो की खिलती कलियाँ चुनने वाले, मुझसे बेहतर कहनेवाले, तुमसे बेहतर सुननेवाले; कल कोई उनको याद करे, क्यूँ कोई मुझको याद करे? मसरूफ ज़माना मेरे लिए क्यूँ वक़्त अपना बर्बाद करे?" "Tomorrow there will be more who will narrate the love poems. May be someone narrating better than me. May be someone listening better than you. Why should anyone remember me? Why should anyone remember me? Why should the busy age waste its time for me?"
Satyendranath Dutta's image
Satyendranath Dutta
Satyendranath Dutta (also spelt as Satyendranath Datta or Satyendra Nath Dutta) (Bengali: সত্যেন্দ্রনাথ দত্ত) (1882 – 25 June 1922), a Bengali poet, is considered the wizard of rhymes (or ছন্দের যাদুকর - chhonder jadukar in Bengali). Satyendranath Dutta was an expert in many disciplines of intellectual enquiry including medieval Indian history, culture, and mythology. Satyendranath Dutta was the son of Rajaninath Dutta, who was a trader. He was born at Nimta, 24 Parganas (north). The family hailed from Chupi in Purba Bardhaman district on 11 February 1882. His grandfather, Akshay Kumar Datta, was a great thinker, Brahmo social reformer and writer who was the guiding spirit of the Tattwabodhini Patrika. After passing the school leaving examination from the Central Collegiate School, he received his graduate level education from the General Assembly’s Institution in Kolkata. Although he left (what is now) Scottish Church College without taking a degree, his training there helped him immensely for the future. After unsuccessfully to join the ranks of his father in their family business, he quit that to devote his energies entirely to scholarly pursuits.He wrote poems like Jatir Pati. Works Satyendranath Dutta composed poems and initially composed poems for the Bengali magazine  Bharati . Although his stylistic nuances during this stage reflect the influence of  Michael Madhusudan Dutt , Akshay Kumar Boral, and Debendranath Sen, his later poetry illustrates a greater resonance with the poetry of  Rabindranath Tagore . Dutta wrote under multiple pseudonyms, including  Nabakumar ,  Kaviratna ,  Ashitipar Sharma ,  Tribikram Varman  and  Kalamgir . Books of poems Sabita  (The Sun, 1900) Sandhiksan  (The Opportune Moment, 1905) Benu O Bina  (Flute and Lyre, 1906) Hom Shikha  (The Blaze of the Yagya, 1907) Fuler Fasal  (The Harvest of Flowers, 1911) Kuhu O Keka  (Song of Cuckoo and Peahen, 1912) Tulir Likhon  (Written with a Brush, 1914) Abhra-Avir  (1916) Hasantika  (1919) Bela Sheser Gan  (Song at Dusk, 1923) Biday-Arati  (Farewell Hymn, 1924) Kavyasanchayan  (Collected Poems, 1930) Shishu-Kavita  (Children's Poetry, 1945) Bhorai  (The song of Dawn) Tirtha-renu Tirtha-Salil

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