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The Indian Constitution, the longest of any sovereign nation in the world, provides a comprehensive

framework to guide and govern the country, keeping in view her social, cultural and religious

diversity.

A distinctive document with many extraordinary features, the Constitution of India is the longest

written constitution of any sovereign nation in the world. The original text of the Constitution

contained 395 articles in 22 parts and eight schedules. It came into effect on January 26, 1950, the

day that India celebrates each year as the Republic Day. The number of articles has since increased

to 448 due to 100 amendments.

The Constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly of India, established by the members of

the provincial assemblies elected by the people of India. Dr Sachidanand Sinha was the first

president of the Constituent Assembly. Later, Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected its president. Dr BR

Ambedkar, the chairman of its Drafting Committee, is considered the chief architect of the Indian

Constitution which provides a comprehensive and dynamic framework to guide and govern the

country, keeping in view her unique social, cultural and religious diversity. It establishes the main

organs – executive, legislature and judiciary, defining their powers, demarcating their

responsibilities and regulating the inter-se relationship. It inter alia lays down the basic structure of

governance and the relationship between the government and the people. The rights and duties.

At present situation can we expect Government do their job as per our constitution frame work. No ! Today people survival is depend on Government free ration scheme, where we stand after 75 years of our freedom.

Democracy basic thoughts:

Of the people,for the people and by the people.”

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